Plants & Animals
The main theme of Anton Umlauft’s garden design is the dualism of artificial and natural landscape. The baroque double-row lime avenue has been preserved and divides the park into a northern part which borders on the village of Eckartsau and a southern part which gradually opens out to the riparian forest. While the northern part was modelled on the cultivated landscape of the Marchfeld area, the part south of the avenue was designed as a stylised natural landscape. For this purpose, the nearby Fadenbach stream was diverted to run through the park as an artificial creek.
The fluctuating water level of the creek, which sometimes will even dry up completely, is characteristic of an alluvial water body. A large number of water and marsh plants are covering the surface of the water, transforming it into a white carpet of flowers, with colourful dragonflies hovering above in early summer. Visitors can also admire a large number of rare flowers like the yellow iris (Iris pseudacorus) or the flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus).
Another rarity is the great capricorn beetle (Cerambyx cerdo), one of the largest domestic beetles, which was thought to be lost in the Danube floodplains, but was re-discovered in the Eckartsau palace garden in 2004. On the roof of the palace, a white stork (ciconia ciconia) has built its nest. Every year, it is used for breeding by a stork family. Once the young birds have hatched out, their parents can often be seen searching for food in the palace garden.
Eckartsau constitutes a unique combination of a historical garden and a national park. The palace and garden serve as a door to the Donauauen National Park, which was established in 1996, and mark the starting point of excursions through the riparian landscapes of Eckartsau. The overall layout of the Eckartsau palace garden is one of the most beautiful examples of the century-long efforts men have made to deal with the natural landscape of the Danube floodplains.